Vyšehrad is known as historic fortification on the rock above the right bank of the Vltava River, but it is also an area of Prague of the same name in the southern administrative district of Prague 2. It is a mythical place and many legends from the beginnings of Czech history are connected to it.
Vyšehrad originated as a princely castle in the second half of the 10th century. At the end of the 11th century it was the seat of the first Czech king Vratislav I., at that time, the so called Vyšehrad canonry was established.
Later Vyšehrad became mainly a fortress, guarding Prague from the south. This fort was extensively rebuilt in the Baroque style second half of the 17th century. From the 15th to the 19th century the Vyšehrad Castle and its surroundings was also an autonomous town until 1848 and it became a part of Prague in 1883.
At the same time there has been a transformation of the cemetery at the church Peter and Paul - at the cemetery Slavín meritorious Czech personalities are buried. Since 1962, the landscaped grounds of Vyšehrad is a national cultural monument. In 2001 the territory of Vyšehrad occupied an area of 36.26 hectares and consisted of 114 houses with 1913 inhabitants.